KeRRA is a State Parastatal under the Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure established through the Kenya Roads Act 2007.
KeRRA is responsible for the management, development, rehabilitation and maintenance of rural roads, classified as D, E and others.
Road classification in Kenya takes into account the function the road serves i.e.
- If the Road serves as a link between centres of international importance, crossing international boundaries or terminating at international ports (Class A roads-International Trunk Roads)
- If the road links nationally important centres, principal towns or urban centres (Class B roads-National Trunk Roads)
- A road that links provincially important centres to each other or to higher class roads are Class C roads or Primary Roads
- If a road links locally important centres to each other or to a more important centre, or to a higher class road it is a class D Road (Secondary Road)
- Any road link to a minor centre, market or local center is a Class E Road(Minor Road)
In addition there are other Classes of road as per usage (Special Roads) i.e;
- Forest Roads Class F Roads
- Roads serving Schools, Hospitals and Government Institutions Class G roads
- Roads leading to Coffee(Kahawa) growing areas Class K Roads
- Roads accessing settlement schemes Class L Roads
- National Park Roads Class P Roads
- Roads Accessing Rural areas Class R
- Roads Accessing Sugar growing areas Class S
- Roads accessing tea growing places Class T Roads
- Unclassified Rural Roads including those leading to areas with mineral deposits Class U Roads
- Roads Accessing Wheat growing areas Class W Roads
The Finance Act 2009 set up Constituency Roads Committees in each constituency in Kenya which, under the assistance of each Member of Parliament, advices KeRRA on the formulation of an annual roads programme and the roads to be included in it. These committees thus prioritize projects within their jurisdiction and which are hence implemented under the supervision of KeRRA.
KeRRA has 47 Regional Offices spread in each of the 47 counties as stipulated in the current constitution. Each office is headed by a regional manager who represents the Director General in each County.
The Kenya Roads Board Act of 1999 (amended by the Kenya Roads Act of 2007) defines the criteria for the allocation of the Roads Maintenance Levy Fund as follows:
- 40% of the fund is dedicated to International and National Trunk Roads, managed by the Kenya National Highways Authority
- 32% of the fund is allocated Rural Roads through the Kenya Rural Roads Authority
- 15% of the fund is allocated Urban Roads, managed by the Kenya Urban Roads Authority.
- 10% of the fund to be administered by the Minister for Roads
- 2% of the Fund allocated to the Kenya Roads Board
- 1% of the funds is allocated the Kenya Wildlife Services for maintenance of roads within national parks and game reserves
The Constituency Roads Committees were set up under the Finance Act 2009 as a committee responsible for advising KeRRA on the formulation of the annual work programmes by selecting the roads to be included in the programme in each constituency annually
The Roads Maintenance Levy Fund was set up by the Roads Maintenance Levy Act of 1993 to finance the maintenance of roads in Kenya. This fund is managed by the Kenya Roads Board which was established through the Kenya Roads Board Act of 1999
KeRRA has 47 Regional Offices spread in each of the 47 counties as stipulated in the current constitution. Each office is headed by a regional manager who represents the Director General in each County. The location of our Regional Offices is available on our website www.kerra.go.ke or through inquiries to the head office through contacts provided below.
KeRRA is a Government institution funded through three main sources:-
- Exchequer Funds from the Government of Kenya for development of roads
- Fuel levy Fund for maintenance of roads
- Development Partners funding
There are four (4) state corporations currently dealing with road construction and management namely;
- Kenya Roads Board
- Kenya Rural Roads Authority
- Kenya National Highways Authority, and
- Kenya Urban Roads Authority